日照| 黎城| 界首| 万源| 沾化| 乌海| 万宁| 奈曼旗| 武平| 剑川| 郓城| 莘县| 台中县| 乌海| 都匀| 巴彦| 资中| 盐边| 大渡口| 武山| 青川| 大兴| 崇明| 新民| 南投| 常德| 察哈尔右翼中旗| 佛冈| 麻山| 宾川| 滦南| 金川| 高阳| 肥西| 康平| 伊春| 新安| 弥勒| 山东| 怀仁| 安达| 莲花| 甘洛| 泰宁| 西青| 多伦| 新蔡| 北票| 呼伦贝尔| 泰来| 涪陵| 开县| 福鼎| 南木林| 鹰潭| 贵南| 印台| 建湖| 互助| 修水| 加格达奇| 铁岭市| 大洼| 张家界| 安国| 浦北| 武强| 沙河| 君山| 新密| 郫县| 麦积| 东胜| 浚县| 新巴尔虎左旗| 凤凰| 崇明| 双阳| 宣城| 虎林| 雷山| 岳阳县| 昭觉| 天山天池| 南和| 西平| 滨海| 芷江| 阿拉尔| 黑水| 云浮| 青田| 五峰| 独山| 库伦旗| 新密| 龙岗| 南海| 双柏| 晴隆| 运城| 乳山| 本溪市| 英山| 繁昌| 高雄县| 克拉玛依| 霍邱| 依安| 永吉| 威县| 三亚| 新建| 牟定| 天津| 巢湖| 曲松| 郧西| 怀集| 昔阳| 乐陵| 建德| 肇源| 微山| 乡城| 鲅鱼圈| 宜城| 本溪市| 孟村| 云梦| 普宁| 绍兴县| 双柏| 崇阳| 沈阳| 肥城| 清涧| 墨江| 瓯海| 九江县| 东明| 毕节| 微山| 夏县| 永靖| 沧源| 黄龙| 头屯河| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 巴中| 兴化| 马关| 五营| 千阳| 福贡| 塔河| 明水| 如东| 开远| 海伦| 姚安| 眉山| 光泽| 曲周| 保康| 开江| 岱山| 万源| 梧州| 阿城| 金山| 屏山| 康定| 西昌| 滦南| 天长| 江源| 遂川| 高邑| 濮阳| 陈仓| 武功| 米脂| 桑日| 吉隆| 遵化| 五指山| 雄县| 新民| 图们| 荔波| 江山| 台北县| 顺平| 青铜峡| 林州| 凤庆| 茌平| 鞍山| 万盛| 福建| 大安| 北票| 沁水| 昌平| 沙县| 永州| 龙游| 白水| 平定| 湄潭| 洪泽| 马祖| 防城区| 康保| 荣县| 阳东| 栖霞| 福泉| 宁城| 肃南| 浮梁| 崇阳| 五通桥| 恩平| 原阳| 富拉尔基| 召陵| 徐闻| 庄浪| 元阳| 龙岩| 平南| 宾阳| 紫金| 武胜| 阳山| 滦县| 吴川| 小金| 泗阳| 靖宇| 双江| 康平| 吉县| 长宁| 衡水| 乌兰察布| 嘉禾| 大邑| 自贡| 平和| 亳州| 岫岩| 罗田| 镇雄| 淄博| 江达| 吴中| 清涧| 长治县| 阿勒泰| 三原|

? “茶香梅口杯”民间斗茶赛暨手拉手茶叶

2019-05-23 06:01 来源:中国经济网陕西

  ? “茶香梅口杯”民间斗茶赛暨手拉手茶叶

  AstevedoreworksatQingdaoportinShandongprovince,July1,2015.[Photo/IC]ThecityofQingdao,Shandongprovince,whichhostedthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitovertheweekend,,Qingdaoboasts65majorshippingroutesconnectingkeyregionsof,thecityhassignedseveralportcooperationagreementswithothercities,,Russia,andGwadar,Pakistan,go."From2010totheendofMay,weveseenmorethan3,000freighttraintrips,"saidXingFangmin,astaffmemberattheJiaozhouBayInternationalLogisticsHarborinQingdao."Withatraveldistanceofabout4,500kilometers,goodscanreachKazakhstan,Uzbekistan,Kyrgyzstan,"QingdaoislookingtopositionitselfasastrategichubinthenetworkofglobaltraderoutesChinaisbuildingaspartoftheBeltandRoadInitiative,saidWeiHuaxiang,deputysecretary-generalofShandong,($),sentireforeigntradevolumeandleavingsignificantroomforgrowth,,Qingdao,,,Qingdaoenterpriseshadsignedagreementsfor284investmentprojectswithSCOcompanies,accordingtoPeoplesDaily,just-concluded18thSCOSummittofurtheropenupitseconomybyestablishingprovincial-levelcross-bordereconomicandtradeparksatafasterrate,,,thecompanyinvested$50milliont,theplanthadproducedmorethan100,000"MadeinRussia"refrigerators,thecompanysaid."OursalesinRussiajumpedby55percentyear-on-yeartoreach$220millionin2017,"saidWangTing,operationsmanagerofHaiersRussianbranch."High-endmultidoorrefrigeratorsclaimed48percentoftheRussianmarketshare,makingusessentiallythemarketleaderinthesegment."WeisaidQingdaoisoncoursetobuildademonstrationzonetopromotetradebetweenChinaandSCOmembercounJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

AglasscircularbridgeinFuxiShantouristattractionwillopenonJune16aftereightmonthsconstructioninXinmicity,CentralChinasHenanprovince,June12,2018.[Photo/VCG]WorldslongestglasscircularbridgeinFuxiShantouristattractionwillopentothepublicaftereightmonthsconstructioninXinmicity,CentralChinasHenanprovince,onJune16,"skywalk".Itis360metershigh,andextends30metersoutofthecliffthatisnearlyninemeterslongerthantheglassbridgeintheColoradoGrandCanyonintheUnitedStates,whichisclaimedtobethe"EighthWonderoftheWorld".ATridentSeafoodsAlaskanfishingtendervesselispicturedinKetchikanharbor,Alaska,US,July6,2012.[Photo/IC]SANFRANCISCO-GovernmentandbusinessofficialsfromtheUSNorthweststateofAlaskahaveagreedthatatrademissiontoChinalastmonthwasvaluable,,whichconcludedonMay30,AlaskaGovernorBillWalkerwasworkinghardtopromotehisstatesresourcestotheworldssecondlargesteconomy,rangingfromAlaskasseafood,energy,sportsfacilitiessuchasaski-trainingbase,tourismandwinterresortvenues,saidtheTVchannel."Wemetwithsomecompaniesthathavemoreemployeesthanwehaveresidents,andsoitgivesyouanideaofthesizeofthecompaniesthatareinterestedinAlaska,"dpositivelyandareconsideringatriptoAlaskatotapthestatespotentialforwintersportstrainingfacilities,,governmentaffairsdirectorofTridentSeafoods,saidthetripwas"beneficial"tohercompany,sgrowingmiddle-incomepopulationwillincreasedemand,sseafood,thestate$,founderandownerofababyfoodcompanyinAlaska,alsocitedthestronginterestofChinesecustomersin"thepurityofnaturalAlaskaproducts."Theparentsofthe18millionbabiesborneachyearinChinacouldbeavaluablemarket,shesaid.

  USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).AnembroideredsilkdressisshowcasedattheParisChinaCulturalCenteronJune5,2018.[]ZhouWei,theevent’scuratorandassistanttothedirectoroftheChinaNationalSilkMuseum,saidtheexhibitioninfusednewdesignswithtraditionalcraftsman,thecenteralsoheldapubliclectureon"ReconstructionofChineseSilksDesignMaterials"onJune4,andanindustrialexchangemeetingthemed"Reconstruction:TechniquesandDesignofSilk"onJune5topromoteinternationalcooperationinsilkproducts.

  []Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

  JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

  Inarapidlyadvancingworldinwhichpeoplenowhaveaccesstolife-prolongingmedicinesandmassproducedfood,moderncitieshavld,,UnitedStatesThecityofNewYork,alsoknownastheBigAppleandTheCityThatNeverSleeps,andneighboringNewarkarehometoapproximately18,604,,EgyptRomanticizedinmoviesandliterature,Cairoisabeautifulplacetovisitfortheholidays,,128,,JapanWithitscharmingcornershopsandrichculturalscene,opulationofroughly20,337,,however,hasalsobeenexperiencingalowbirthrateoflate,,MexicoAfinancialhubforLatinAmerica,aculturalcenterthatcelebratesthemodernandtheancient,andacitythatwasbuiltontopofthecapitalcityoftheAztecempire,,MexicoCityiscertainlyanextraordinarycitywithapopulationofaround21,157,,,,240,000people,ãoPaulo,BrazilAsthemostpopulatedcitybelowtheequatorwithanapproximatepopulationof21,297,000,Sã,IndiaAttractingpeoplefromnearbycitiesbecauseofitscosmopolitancharmandjobopportunities,Mumbainowhasapopulationofaround21,357,$280billion,,ChinaAsChinasmostpopulatedcity,Shan,484,000people,,IndiaWithapopulationprojectedtoreach36millionby2030,,itishometoapproximately26,454,,JapanAlthoughitspopulationispredictedtobegindeclining,Tokyoisstill,stylishandfullofculture,Tokyoi,inacityofapproximately38,140,000people,youaresuretohaveahardtimepushingthroughthecrowdstogettoyourdestination.(ezr/kes)JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

  [Photo/VCG]WASHINGTON-TheWhiteHouseonSaturdayannouncedthemembersofa,accompaniedbyUSAmbassadortoChinaTerryBranstad,UnderSecretaryofTreasuryforInternationalAffairsDavidMalpass,UnderSecretaryofAgricultureforTradeandForeignAgriculturalAffairsTedMcKinney,andUnitedStatesTradeRepresentative(USTR)ChiefAgriculturalNegotiatorGreggDoud,,vowi,andactinaccordancewiththespiritofthejointstatement,edifferencesinaconstructivemannerthroughtalks,whichisinthefundamentallong-terminterestsofthetwocountriesandthetwopeoples,andthecommonaspirationoftheinternationalcommunity,shesaid.

  [Photo/VCG]ChinawillevaluatetheinfluenceandreservetherighttotakecorrespondingmeasuresaftertheUnitedStatesannouncedrestrictionmeasuresonChineseinvestmentsandexportstoChina,theMinistryofCommercesaidThursday."WehavenotedthesemeasuresthattheUSplanstointroduce,"theministrysspokesmanGaoFengsaidinremarksataregularnewsconference."ChinabelievesthatthesemeasuresdonotconformtothebasicprinciplesandspiritoftheWorldTradeOrganization."TheministryscommentscameafterWhiteHousesaidTuesdaythatitwouldimplementspecificinvestmentrestrictionsandtightenexportcontrolsforChinesepeopleandbusinesses"relatedtotheacquisitionofindustriallysignificanttechnology"ttotariffsandproposedinvestmentrestrictionsbyJune15andJune30respectively,itsaid.JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

  USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).

  ItdidnottakelongforbookmakerstoslashDonaldTrumpsoddsofwinningtheNobelPeace,youmaywanttoreadwhatsomemembersofthefive-strongNorwegianNobelCommittee,whichchoosesthewinnerofthe$1millionprizeeachOctober,,LadbrokescuttheoddsofTrumpwinningaloneorinajointprizethisyearto6/4from10/1beforethesummit;WilliamHillofferedoddsof6/4onTrumpandKimtowinjointly,,Trumphasmadehistorywhereothershavefailed,,TrumpandKimpledgedtoworktowardcompletedenuclearizationoftheKoreanpeninsula,,,NobelcommitteememberThorbjoernJagland,aformerNorwegianprimeministerwhoheadstheCouncilofEurope,tweeted:DonaldTrumpyoumayhavesetthenewsagen,hewrote:TrumpisinsultingMuslimsonTwitterandbycontrastpraisedformerPresidentBarackObama,whowonthe2009prize,,HenrikSyse,wroteinabloginDecember,2016,that:President-electDonaldTrumphas,withhisrhetoric,atorshouldinnowaybereadascomments,appointedtothecommitteethisyear,wroteanopinionpieceinaNorwegia:,OlavNjoelstad,saiditisnotimpossibleforsomeonewhohasbeencriticizedbycommitteememberstobeconsidered,andevenwin,,directorofthePeaceResearchInstituteOslo,saidnucleardisarmamentontheKoreanpeninsulawouldbeaverysignirecord,suchaspullingoutoftheIrannucleardeal,p,,,includingcommitteemembers,membersofnationalparliaments,cabinetmembers,headsofuniversitiesorpastlaureates.

  CaiMeng/ForChinaDailyChinawillevaluatetheinfluenceoftherenewedthreatofrestrictionstheUnitedStateshasplacedonChineseinvestmentandexportsandwillreservetherighttotakecountermeasures,lesandspiritoftheWorldTradeOrganization,ievesthetwocountrie,theWhiteHousesaiditwouldplaceinvestmentrestrictionsandtougherexportcontrolsonChinesepeopleandentitiespurchasingindnfollowingtalksinWashingtonandthetwocountriesissuedajointstatementonMay20,theadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumpsaiditwouldannouncethelistofimportssubjecttotariffsandpronegotiatingteamswouldmeeteach,chairmanandchiefexecutiveofUSinvestmentbankMorganStanley,saiditisworthnotingthattheUS-ChinatradedisputesaretakingplacewithinabroaderglobalcontextoftheUShavingtradediscussionswiththeEuropeancountries,talkingaboutredefiningtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeAgreementandhavingwithdrawnfromtheTrans-PacificPartnershipagreement."sconstructivetothelargesteconomyintheworldtofindasolutiontotradedisputeswithoutthembecomingamajoreconomiccrisis,""AmericaFirst"agenda,Chinahasbeenpromotingglobalfreetradeandrampingupdomesticreforms,theAmericanChamberofCommerceinChinasatingrowth,thankstocontinuouseffortsbytheChinsexecutivemeetingonWednesday,ChinasdomesticconsumptionwillsurpassthatoftheUSthisyear,andvisionarycompanieswillnotwanttomisstheprospectoftheChinesemarket,Forstration,aresearcherattheCommerceMinistrysInternationalTradeandEconomicCooperationInstitute,said,"Chinacanacceptmeasuresthatcomplywithinternationalrules,butitwillnotacceptthosecomingfromanothercountrysdomesticlaw.""WemustprepareforallpossiblecontingenciestodealwiththeTrumpadministrationscapriciousacts,"Meisaid."ExternalinterferencebytheUScannotdeterChinaspaceoffurtheropeningandupgradingitseconomy,"saidChenWenling,cts,shesaid,butunderpinnedbyChinasfirmstancetofurtherenrichanddiversifythenationaleconomyviareformandopening-uppolicies.JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

  

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国产大飞机C919今日首飞 江苏做的贡献真不小!

2019-05-23 07:48 | 现代快报 | 手机看国搜 | 打印 | 收藏 |评论 | 扫描到手机
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核心提示:只有内行才知道,首飞是一架飞机从试验品“变身”成为产品的最关键一步,也是风险最高的一步。

坐在C919驾驶室中的机长蔡俊

南航机电学院的黄翔教授 现代快报/ZAKER南京记者 吉星 摄

国产大飞机C919计划于今天在上海浦东机场首飞。首飞时间预计在90分钟至两个小时内,首飞时共有5人登机。

一个新飞机的首飞有其特殊意义:它既是由设想变图纸、图纸变实物、实物能飞行等一系列工作链中的一个重要环节,又是新型号诞生的一个重要里程碑。综合 人民日报客户端、新华社

机长飞行时间超1万小时

只有内行才知道,首飞是一架飞机从试验品“变身”成为产品的最关键一步,也是风险最高的一步。记者专访承担此次C919首飞任务的首飞机组团队成员,为公众解开“首飞”这一“蜕变动作”背后的玄机。

机组共5人 不需要空姐

首飞机组共有5名机组成员,分别是机长蔡俊、副驾驶吴鑫、观察员钱进、试飞工程师马菲和张大伟。他们中3人为具有飞机驾驶经验的民用机机长,其中两人具有10000小时以上飞行经验,1人为具有20000小时以上飞行经验的民航功勋机长。另外两人,即张大伟、马菲,均为试飞工程师。

出生于1976年8月的蔡俊,于1997年开始飞行生涯,现总飞行时间为10300小时,无严重差错和事故症候。曾在东方航空做了11年的飞行员,于2011年加入中国商飞担任试飞员。在我国,民机的试飞工作一直没有专门的试飞员。为了做好试飞工作,蔡俊和几位同事前往美国,进行了他称为“魔鬼式”的训练。

首飞机组总共只有5个人,全部是男性。其实,C919首飞机组团队,在“首发”的五人队伍之外,还准备了一支强大的“替补团队”,因此最终谁来执飞,5月5日当天才会有最终的答案。

另外,首飞暂时不需要配备“空姐”“空少”。据介绍,首飞实际上只是为了测试飞机在正常、良好天气下是否具备稳定的飞行能力,因此,首飞飞机的机舱内不需要空姐、也不需要坐椅等内饰。

难在未知性和不确定性

首飞最大的难点就在于未知性和不确定性,谁都不知道在飞行过程中会出现什么样的、奇奇怪怪的问题。

首飞前,5名机组成员已经把所有可能出现的情况和应对方案都在模拟机上实际操作了一遍,也就是说,即便是“预案”也是经过实操验证的方案,而不是某个人或者某个团队拍脑袋想出来的方案。需要重点指出的是,没有任何一家飞机制造商会把首飞预案借给其他公司做参考。首飞方案的确定,全部是商飞公司年轻人们自己的“原创”——抄不着,也买不到。

试飞工程师张大伟说,最危险的就是两种——双侧发动机失效和测感失效。前者,导致整个飞机都没有动力;后者,导致飞机失去方向感,无法抬头、低头、转弯,相当于“方向盘”坏了。

不过,即便如此,帅气的C919首飞机组也有办法。多年前,曾有一则新闻引起全世界关注,欧洲某航空公司飞行经验丰富的机长,在飞机单侧发动机失效的情况下,紧急迫降,保住了全机人员的性命。张大伟说,这种单侧发动机故障的情况,对于首飞机组而言,只能用“呵呵”来表达看法,“还有另一个发动机可以工作,怕什么。”

拓展阅读 时间为2小时以内 有“小跟班”跟飞

首飞原则是什么

1 首飞构型尽可能简单,一般采用干净或基本构型。

2 首飞时发动机不开加力,把飞机高风险和发动机高风险尽可能剥离。

3 首飞空域通常是空中交通不拥挤,地面人烟稀少,空地通信无障碍,地面和空中电磁环境干净,离试飞场地跑道不远的空域进行;如有必要,要考虑备降机场。

4 首飞试飞科目执行高度要合适,不能太高不能太低。太高,飞机性能较差,一旦情况紧急返回场地费时;太低,一旦有问题,故障辨识和处理来不及。

5 “首飞”由5个阶段组成,分别是地面检查、爬升、平飞、模拟进近、着陆和复飞、着陆。其中第四个阶段是指飞机模拟以8500英尺高度为跑道进行着陆并复飞。

不为人知的小细节

1 首飞时一般不收起落架。在首飞时,不收起落架是正常的,因为首飞更突出的是仪式感,并不需要体现性能。所以,像首飞这样短时间的飞行流程,起落架不收没问题。而且,不收起落架还能防止出现收了放不下的情况。

2 首飞飞机有“小跟班”。在首飞时,通常会安排伴飞飞机跟飞观测,它的任务是在空中对首飞飞机进行实时观测、记录飞行数据、拍摄照片和视频,全力保证飞机在首飞过程中的安全。一旦出现任何问题,伴飞飞机的机组人员将立即向首飞飞机的机组人员发出警告,向地面管控人员报告,并引导首飞飞机安全降落。

南航承担多项技术攻关

C919总设计师吴光辉为南航校友

从ARJ21到C919,南京航空航天大学共承担140余项国产大飞机项目。现代快报记者4日从南航获悉,该校参与了重要技术方案论证,承担了多项关键技术攻关。C919总设计师吴光辉、总工程师姜丽萍等大批核心骨干人员皆为南航校友。

现代快报/ZAKER南京记者 金凤 通讯员 王伟 寇晓洁

机身和机翼间空隙缩小1.5毫米

C919的部件来自“五湖四海”,机头来自成都,前机身、中后机身来自南昌,中央翼、副翼来自西安,后机身主要来自沈阳,起落架舱门来自哈尔滨。飞机制造过程中50%—70%的时间和成本都用在飞机装配上。2009年,南京航空航天大学与中国商飞上海飞机制造厂联合建立“民用飞机先进装配技术中心”。该中心副主任、教授黄翔介绍,将这些大部件运输到一起后,让它们严密、准确地咬合在一起,经历了一个从肉眼识别到计算机监控的过程。

在实验室,黄翔向现代快报记者展示了一款“大型客机大部件自动对接装配系统”。

研究人员发出指令后,在激光引导仪的引导下,机翼向机身靠拢。当机翼和机身的孔错位扣在一起时,形成一个同心圆孔。“让两个孔同心,以前需要多人手控完成,现在用计算机全自动实现。”黄翔说,以往飞机的机身和机翼之间预留的最小空隙为2毫米,但现在空隙可以压缩到0.5毫米。

机身各段间隙测量精度0.03毫米

C919机身各段庞大,如何托运这些大家伙“走”到一起?黄翔为现代快报记者演示了一款“智能重载全面移动平台”。从外形看,这款平台是一辆运输车。运输车无需拐弯,就可以在转角处沿着蓝色轨迹行驶。“机身长达几十米,如果在车间里运输很不方面,特别是在拐弯的地方。这个平台不需要拐弯半径,还能运输大部件。”

而C919机身段与段之间,还采用了激光间隙测量仪,“测量精度可以达到0.03-0.05毫米。”黄翔说,民用飞机的飞行寿命一般在9万小时左右,机身之间的装配精密程度,将影响飞机的使用寿命。

C919总师为南航校友

南航相关专业的科研人员在飞机设计、空气动力、结构强度、材料制造、适航管理等领域,共承担140余个项目。

吴光辉是南航1978级飞机设计专业校友。中国商飞挂牌成立后, 吴光辉担任了C919的总设计师。

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